Title:Gyógynövényfőzetek in vitroantibakteriális hatása Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis és Pseudomonas aeruginosatörzsek ellen
SUMMARY The objective of the study was to determine the antibacterial action of herbal infusions against reference strains of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Staphy-lococcus epidermidis ATCC 14990 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa27/99in vitro. The antibacterial activity of herbal infusions was determined using the agar diffu-sion test. From the culture of reference strains of S. aureus, S. epidermidis and P. aeruginosa, we prepared a suspension of 1.5×108 CFU to match 0.5 McFar-land turbidity standard, defined with a densitometer. The obtained suspension was sieved onto Mueller-Hinton agar (Himedia), followed by further cultivation over 24 hours. The inoculations were covered with discs, which were impreg-nated with corresponding herbal infusions. For positive control, benzylpenicil-lin sodium salt was used against staphylococci, while in case of P. aeruginosa, gentamicin sulfate was used. S. aureus was most strongly inhibited by Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus, 1.46 times stronger compared to the con-trol), Fiveleaf Aralia (E. sieboldianus, 1.61) and weeping fig (Ficus benjamina, 1.35). In case of S. epidermidis, pomegranate (Punica granatum) showed antibacterial activity (3.53), while P. aeruginosa was inhibited by common yucca (Yucca fila-mentosa, 1.10), alpenrose (Rhododendron ferrugineum, 1.00), carob (Ceratonia sili-qua, 1.21), fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum, 0.97), pomegranate (5.46) and Norway spruce (Picea abies, 1.51). These herbal extracts could be recommended for use against polyresistant strains of the abovementioned microorganisms. The present study showed that the abovementioned species of plants affect polyresistant bacteria strains more intensively than benzylpenicillin sodium salt.