Title:Újszülött csikók belgyógyászati alapellátása I.
Auth, Adél Katalin
Summary Background: Equine neonatology focuses mainly on the perinatal period of foals from the terminal phase of pregnancy throughout the first few weeks of life. The delayed recognition of abnormalities in the early postpartum period can lead to severe consequences, or it may affect the future performance of the expected equine athlete. This specialty has gained attention in the last 30–40 years close proximity to the substantial Thoroughbred-breeding centres of the world. Objectives: The aim of this review is to provide a practical approach to equine veterinarians, students, horse breeders and owners about the hallmarks of the most important disease entities in this age-group of foals using our own experiences and published data. Results and Discussion: In the first part of our article series the aim was to summarize the abnormalities of the mare and the foetus at the third trimester of pregnancy, around parturition as well as to provide a practitioners guide to equine veterinary practicians about the normal and abnormal findings, intensive therapy and critical care of the new-born foal, based on the latest literature. We discuss the disorders of the integumentary system, umbilical stump, the respiratory and cardiovascular system, detailing the following diseases: entropion, omphalophlebitis, equine neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (surfactant deficiency), equine neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome or acute lung injury, bacterial and viral pneumonias, thoracic traumas and hernia, ventricular septal defects and patent ductus arteriosus.